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ISSN: 2321-9939 | ESTD Year: 2013

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Paper Title
Study on Identification of the Prevalent Livestock Diseases and their Copping Mechanisms in Eastern Zone Of Tigray, the Case of GantaAfeshum
Authors
  Berihu Haftu G/libanos

Abstract
A study was conducted to identify the major health constraints of livestock development, giving emphasis to cattle, sheep, goats and poultry in Eastern Zone of Tigray from January 2013 to June 2013. Questionnaire survey and case observational study methods were carried out for the data collection. In the questionnaire survey, 120 livestock owners were interviewed and the response indicated that the most important diseases affecting cattle’s were FMD(17.7%), Pneumonic Pasteurelosis (15.5%), Ectoparasitic/tick infection(14.9%), Anthrax and GIT Parasitism(each with equal response of 11.5%). In the case of sheep and goats GIT-Parasitism (16.1%), pneumonic-pasteurelosis(15.9%),coenuruses(15.8%) and Ectoparasite infection(15.4%) were regarded as the most important diseases. Furthermore, Newcastle disease (79.1%) followed by foul pox (11.6 %) and Coccidiosis(6.7%) were considered as the most important diseases in poultry. Case observational studies were also conducted at the district veterinary clinics (Bizet and Adigrat) and a total of 465 diseased animals were tentatively diagnosed based on history and clinical signs. Among the diseases which were diagnosed, Ectoparasitism(35.55%), endoparasitic problems(25.4%), Mastitis(8.6 %), Pneumonic Pasteurelosis(7%), and FMD(6.64%) were the most frequently observed diseases(cases) in cattle. In sheep and goats, Pneumonic Pasteurelosis (28.85%), endoparasitic problems(22.8%), Ectoparasitism(16.78%), FMD(7.4%), Bloat(4.7%) and sheep and Goat pox(4.7%) were commonly encountered diseases. In Poultry, Newcastle Disease (60%) was found to be most commonly encountered health problem. Hence to reduce mortality and increase productivity of the areas livestock, there is a need to expand the veterinary services in terms of quality and quantity and parallely awareness improvement of the livestock producers of the community on disease prevention and control mechanisms should also be given equal priority.

Keywords- Livestock Diseases, Identification, Prevalence., Cattle, Sheep and goat, Poultry, Eastern Zone, Gantaafeshum
Publication Details
Unique Identification Number - IJEDR1603123
Page Number(s) - 753-758
Pubished in - Volume 4 | Issue 3 | August 2016
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -   
Publisher - IJEDR (ISSN - 2321-9939)
Cite this Article
  Berihu Haftu G/libanos,   "Study on Identification of the Prevalent Livestock Diseases and their Copping Mechanisms in Eastern Zone Of Tigray, the Case of GantaAfeshum", International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.4, Issue 3, pp.753-758, August 2016, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR1603123.pdf
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