Impact of Rains on Road Transport
Parshant Rana,  Dr. R.R. Singh
There are various factors which cause deterioration of roads. The objective of our paper is to study the effects of rain during monsoon season in India. In India, there is a big problem of destruction of roads during monsoon season due to heavy raining. The roads investigated experienced severe failure like cracking, potholes, etc. there are impacts also on road transport system, accident is the major problem due to wet surface and widening of potholes. Here, objective of this paper is to study how the roads can be prevented from destruction and road users from accident due to raining. The study involved different reasons having impact on road transport and their mitigation measures during raining mainly in North West monsoon season in India. Various factors including poor drainage, expansive subgrade soil and use of inferior material are common causes of destruction and wet roads, widened cracks and potholes etc. The rains can reduce the speed of vehicle and capacity of roads by 3-16 percent and 10-30 percent respectively. Hence, rains lead to delays on high extent and impacting transport by road. Accidents due to rain, fog, sleet, wet pavement etc. come under the category of weather related accidents. In 2016 there were 36594 accidents happened during rainy weather that is 27 percent of total weather related accidents (135084) (according to Ministry of road transport and highways transport research wing New Delhi). Essential objective is to reduce the accidents caused due to rain. Broadly, the study includes identification of impacts caused by rain to transport system and their remedies.
Keywords- Deterioration, Rain, Road Transport, Drainage, Accidents, Wet Roads, Destruction of Roads
Cite this Article
Parshant Rana,  Dr. R.R. Singh,   "Impact of Rains on Road Transport"
, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.6, Issue 4, pp.97-100, October 2018, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR1804018.pdf