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Neural Network based Energy Efficient Cluster Head Selection and Routing Protocol for MANET
Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is comparatively a new paradigm of multi-hop wireless networking and has become popular. It is an essential part of the computing environment, consisting of infrastructure-less mobile networks. In MANET, each node communicates with other nodes directly or indirectly through intermediate nodes. The credit for the growth of ad-hoc network goes for its self-organizing and self-configuring properties. The nodes in the MANET are battery operated. Failure of some node’s operation can greatly impede performance of the network and even affect the basic availability of the network, i.e., routing. Routing is an essential protocol in this field, because changes in network topology occur frequently. An efficient routing protocol is required to cope with highly fluid network conditions. Energy constraints are another big challenge in ad hoc wireless network design. These constraints in wireless network arise due to battery powered nodes which cannot be recharged. This becomes a bigger issue in mobile ad hoc networks because as each node is acting as both end system and a router at the same time, additional energy is required to forward packets. Hence this paper proposes Neural Network based Energy Efficient Cluster Head Selection and Routing Protocol (NECSRP)for MANET to optimize an energy efficient route between the source and the destination using neural network which is an emerging optimization algorithm. Finally, this paper concludes with comparing the proposed work with the various existing energy efficient routing protocols to ensure its effectiveness in improving the network life time by optimising the energy efficient route over the others. The simulation experiments are carried out using Glomosim simulator.
Keywords- MANET, Network Life Time, Neural Network, NECSRP, Packet delivery ratio, Residual Energy
Unique Identification Number - IJEDR2002048Page Number(s) - 266-274Pubished in - Volume 8 | Issue 2 | April 2020DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -    Publisher - IJEDR (ISSN - 2321-9939)
Cite this Article
Karthikeyan Perumal,   "Neural Network based Energy Efficient Cluster Head Selection and Routing Protocol for MANET"
, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.8, Issue 2, pp.266-274, April 2020, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR2002048.pdf