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Paper Title
Hard Plastic Coarse Aggregate (Hpca) As Partially Replacement Of Natural Coarse Aggregate (Nca) For Concrete Structure
  P. Arjun

The use of plastic is increasing day by day, although steps were taken to reduce its consumption. This creates substantial garbage every day which is much unhealthy. A healthy and sustainable reuse of plastics offers a host of advantages. The suitability of recycled plastics as coarse aggregate in concrete and its advantages are discussed here. The initial questions arising of the bond strength and the heat of hydration regarding plastic aggregate were solved. Tests were conducted to determine the properties of plastic aggregate such as density, specific gravity and aggregate crushing value. As 100% replacement of natural coarse aggregate with plastic coarse aggregate is not feasible, partial replacement at various percentages were possible. The percentage substitution that gave higher compressive strength was found. Plastic bags which are commonly used for packing, carrying vegetables, meat etc creates a serious environmental problem. Plastic bag last in environment up to 1000 years because of plastic bag last so long the number of plastic bag accumulated increases each year. Numerous waste materials are generated from manufacturing processes, service industries and municipal solid wastes. The increasing awareness about the environment has tremendously contributed to the concerns related with disposal of the generated wastes. Solid waste management is one of the major environmental concerns in the world. With the scarcity of space for land filling and due to its ever increasing cost, waste utilization has become an attractive alternative to disposal. Research is being carried out on the utilization of waste products in concrete. Such waste products include discarded tires, plastic, glass, steel, burnt foundry sand, and coal combustion by-products (CCBs). Each of these waste products has provided a specific effect on the properties of fresh and hardened concrete. Every year more than 500 billion plastic bags are used (nearly one million bag per minute). Hundreds of thousands of sea turtles, whales and other marine mammals die every year from eating discarded plastic bag for mistaken food. On land many animals suffer from similar fate to marine life. Collection, hauling ad disposal of plastic bag waste creates an additional environmental impact. In a landfill or in environment, Plastic bags take up to 1000 year to degrade.This paper presents a detailed review about waste and recycled plastics, waste management options, and research published on the effect of recycled plastic on the fresh and hardened properties of concrete. The effect of recycled and waste plastic on bulk density, air content, workability, and compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, impact resistance, permeability, and abrasion resistance is discussed in this paper.

Keywords- HPCA (hard plastic coarse aggregate), NCA (natural coarse aggregate), SWM (solid waste management), Global Warming
Publication Details
Unique Identification Number - IJEDR2002076
Page Number(s) - 447-452
Pubished in - Volume 8 | Issue 2 | April 2020
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -   
Publisher - IJEDR (ISSN - 2321-9939)
Cite this Article
  P. Arjun,   "Hard Plastic Coarse Aggregate (Hpca) As Partially Replacement Of Natural Coarse Aggregate (Nca) For Concrete Structure", International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.8, Issue 2, pp.447-452, April 2020, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR2002076.pdf
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