Model Based Site Suitability Analysis for Solid Waste Management - A case study of Hoshiarpur city, Punjab.
Kanwar Deepak,  Dr. Dheera Kalota
Proper handling of solid waste at an appropriate site largely controls the landscape and health of urban environment. Most of the third world countries including India face the challenge of solid waste management at an appropriate site. All urban places manage solid waste at some site. But do these sites address all the factors that need to be considered before solid waste management. The present study attempts to find suitable locations for solid waste management of Hoshiarpur city of Punjab state. This city lies in plain area of bist doab region of Punjab state but this city is not far from the Shiwalik hills lying to the east. A model is applied to find suitable sites for solid waste management. Techniques of Remote Sensing and GIS (Geographic Information System) make this task easy and impeccable. The model includes several components and all of which are analyzed and processed in ArcMap. A total of nine variables are being considered which include landcover, soil drainage, groundwater level, distance from city, distance from canals, slope, distance from drains, distance from settlements and distance from roads. Buffering is done for several variables and then all data is converted into raster format. It is followed by assigning of influence and weights to all the variables and their subclasses which is based on Delphi method. Then the tool of weighted overlay analysis is run to find suitable areas in a raster format. These suitable areas are viewed in Google Earth to propose sites for solid waste management. After validation three sites are finalized where solid waste of Hoshiarpur city can be managed.
Keywords- Model, Weighted Overlay Analysis, Remote Sensing, GIS, Raster, Buffers.
Cite this Article
Kanwar Deepak,  Dr. Dheera Kalota,   "Model Based Site Suitability Analysis for Solid Waste Management - A case study of Hoshiarpur city, Punjab."
, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.8, Issue 1, pp.242-247, January 2020, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR2001046.pdf