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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH
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ISSN: 2321-9939 | ESTD Year: 2013

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Paper Title
RETRO RESPECTIVE STUDIES OF HYENA BITE IN ETHIOPIAN DONKEYS, EASTERN SHOA, CENTRAL ETHIOPIA
Authors
  addis Beyene,  Tesfay Maegra

Abstract
Donkeys are the most important animals in low level of development road transport network and rough terrain of the country make the donkey the most valuable; appropriate the affordable pack animal under small holder farming system of Ethiopia. One of the major constraints to working donkeys is hyena bite. The objective of this study was to know the prevalence of hyena bite related to anatomical location, body condition and fate of bitted donkeys. Retrospective analysis of Donkey Health and Welfare Project clinical database between1994-2011 revealed a total of 919 cases of hyena bites. Hyena bite inflicted wound involved different body parts with the highest percentage on muscles of the hindquarter (55%). Other sites include testis, penis, vulva, udder, flank region, peri-anal, and limbs. The extent of the wound was grouped into survived (79.5%) and humanly euthanized (20.5%) on the basis of the amount of muscle lost and organ-system compromised. The problem seems to be more common in males (54.73%) and 6-10years age group (46%). Donkeys with poor to average body condition score animals highly significantly influence the occurrence of hyena bite than good body condition: (1-1.5 BCS (60.5%) and >2 (16.33%) respectively. The season of attack was during rainy season (45%) than dry season.

Keywords- Hyena bite, Retro respective, Hyena, Donkeys, Ethiopia.
Publication Details
Unique Identification Number - IJEDR1701077
Page Number(s) - 500-508
Pubished in - Volume 5 | Issue 1 | March 2017
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -   
Publisher - IJEDR (ISSN - 2321-9939)
Cite this Article
  addis Beyene,  Tesfay Maegra,   "RETRO RESPECTIVE STUDIES OF HYENA BITE IN ETHIOPIAN DONKEYS, EASTERN SHOA, CENTRAL ETHIOPIA", International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.5, Issue 1, pp.500-508, March 2017, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR1701077.pdf
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