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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH
(International Peer Reviewed,Refereed, Indexed, Citation Open Access Journal)
ISSN: 2321-9939 | ESTD Year: 2013

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Paper Title
Analyzing Urban Scaling Laws for economic Industries: Case Study of England and Wales, United Kingdom
Authors
  Jyothi gupta

Abstract
This paper abstract is constructed to study the urban scaling laws in the UK context stating the problem, the research and the results in summarized way. The problem of this study is to identify the type of slope that we expect from the data. We shall analyse the scaling behaviour of (i) number of Knowledge based industries and Scientific services firms against city sizes, and (ii) the difference of these two industries along with their changes between the time frame of 2013 and 2018. Furthermore, I will investigate the difference in their behaviour and emphasize on the previous study whether they say anything about these both industries. This research is using the data from the company house and population census of the UK. This paper will answer three research questions. The first question is What are scaling laws and why is it used in this study. Secondly, we shall explain the knowledge-based industries in the UK and why it is selected for this research. Finally, what are the different types of slope we expect to find from the data. The scaling laws for England and Wales are explored for its linear pattern using this empirical analysis. The results for Knowledge based industry data scales sub-linearly for most types of industries whereas for scientific activity industry it shows the super-linear relationship. In other words, Scientific industry is positively scaling that is there been larger quantities of industry per capita in bigger cities. While concluding, we discuss the importance of using urban scaling law in England and Wales, variation seen in results from this empirical theory defined previously. This paper investigates the validation of the scaling model for city sizes.

Keywords- Cities, scaling law, Exponent, agglomeration economics, linear
Publication Details
Unique Identification Number - IJEDR2002093
Page Number(s) - 553-572
Pubished in - Volume 8 | Issue 2 | June 2020
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -    http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.24027
Publisher - IJEDR (ISSN - 2321-9939)
Cite this Article
  Jyothi gupta,   "Analyzing Urban Scaling Laws for economic Industries: Case Study of England and Wales, United Kingdom", International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.8, Issue 2, pp.553-572, June 2020, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR2002093.pdf
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