Body Composition And Motor Fitness Changes During Different Phases Of Training Among Hockey Players
Dr Sudhakara Babu Mande
Vigorous training, the blood circulation quickness, blood and lymph stream through the muscle, supply the cells with oxygen and nutrition, removing waste products. The heart activity is accelerated exercise and strengthening its own fibers. Exercise also stimulates growth, and strengthens the bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons. Different activities can be carried out with different intensities which may have different effect in organism. The aim of this study is to find out the effect of changes during different phases of training on body composition variables, body mass index and percent body fat and motor fitness variables, speed and explosive power. 30 hockey players were selected and given resistance training under different phases, conditioning, intensive, in-season, and off season by manipulating the load, intensities and frequencies of selected weight training exercises. Results proved that different phases of training altered body mass index and there was significant differences between initial and in-season phase. Though percent body fat showed reduction they were not significant at 0.05 level at any stage. The results on motor fitness variables proved that though there was improvement in speed at every phase of training there was no significant differences. The explosive power was significantly improved at intensive and in season phases comparing the initial scores. It was concluded that the different phases of training can be utilized for improving body composition and motor fitness variables by hockey players.
Keywords- Key Words: Resistance Training, Conditioning Phase, Intensive Phase, In-season Phase, Off-season Phase, Body Mass Index, Percent Body Fat, Speed, Explosive Power.
Cite this Article
Dr Sudhakara Babu Mande,   "Body Composition And Motor Fitness Changes During Different Phases Of Training Among Hockey Players"
, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.9, Issue 4, pp.44-47, October 2021, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR2104010.pdf