An Enhancement of GEAR Protocol using Particle Swarm Optimization in Wireless Sensor Network
Amandeep Kaur,  R.S.Uppal,  Bhalinder Kaur
A large number of multi functional sensor nodes having low cost, low power and small size are used for the formation of wireless sensor networks.For the design of wireless networking protocols, Minimizing the energy utilization and maximizing the network lifetime are the key requirements because lifetime of sensor nodes depends on the lifetime of battery power. In the field of WSN, routing is the core technology.So,a number of routing protocols are proposed for WSN having different objectives. This paper briefly presents the Geographic and Energy Aware Routing (GEAR) protocol and the Particle Swarm Optimization technique which is used to optimize the GEAR protocol.GEAR Protocol is generally a location based and energy efficient protocol, uses the energy aware neighbour selection to route a packet towards the target region and uses recursive geographic forwarding and or restricted flooding algorithms to disseminate the packet inside the destination region.In this paper the PSO technique is applied on GEAR protocol to increase the network lifetime and to reduce the energy consumption.
Keywords- WSN,GEAR Protocol, GPSR Protocol,PSO,Energy, Nodes Lifetime
Cite this Article
Amandeep Kaur,  R.S.Uppal,  Bhalinder Kaur,   "An Enhancement of GEAR Protocol using Particle Swarm Optimization in Wireless Sensor Network"
, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.4, Issue 2, pp.1519-1526, June 2016, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR1602272.pdf