Determination of Important Factors Affecting Production and Marketing of Korarima (Aframomum Corrorima (Braun) P.C.M. Jansen) in Western Ethiopia
Fissiha Gebreyesus Gebreazgaabher
Korarima(Aframomum corrorima) is one of the indigenous spices in Ethiopia used as raw material for consumption and medicinal purposes. However, the spice faces production and market challenges. Thus, in this particular area of study, the study was done to analyze the major factors affecting Aframomum corrorima production and marketing in Ethiopia with the objective of analyzing the major factors affecting Aframomum corrorima production and marketing in Nekemte and Shambu and the terminal market (Addis Ababa). The study identified that 85.80%, 73.60%, 41.10%, 36.05%, 63.30%, 52.15%, 32.90%, of sampled farmers confirmed that inadequate fertilizer supply, inadequate planting materials, shortage of access to credit, wild animal competition, price setting, scale and demand, respectively, are the major factors affecting Aframomum corrorima production negatively. Concerning sources of market information, 25.30% and 20.39% of the total sampled farmers obtained from traders and personal observation on market, respectively. The study furthermore indicated that 92.50%, 88.60%, 85.30%, 76.30%, 74.60%, 71.70%, 50.30%, 39.50% and 32.30% of the sampled traders reported adulteration problems, quality problems, capital shortage, demand problem, lack of government support, supply shortage, problem of transport, theft problem and absence of government control on un-licensed traders were determinant factors of Aframomum corrorima marketing, respectively. Based on the study, there is a need for all stakeholders to decide production and market price setting strategies and improving extension system and technical supervision and follow up must be strong. Policies that would improve Aframomum corrorima production capacity by identifying new technologies are found to be crucial. Creating stable demand for surplus production would enhance farmers’ decisions on Aframomum corrorima production. Furthermore, the results of the study indicated that terminal and regional markets are not integrated mainly owing to crucial problems such as inadequate market price information. Competitive market and market information services have to be strengthened to provide farmers and traders accurate and timely information on current supply, demand and prices.
Keywords- Production, Marketing, Aframomum corrorima, Factors