Design and Analysis of Horizontal Steam Pressure Vessel
Prabir Kumar Santra,  Prof. Saurabh Kumar
A pressure vessel is a closed container designed to hold gases or liquids at a pressure & temperature substantially different from ambient pressure & temperature. The cross-section of the pressure vessel may be circular or rectangular with flat end covers, reinforced by a gate mechanism on both sides. In our present case we have to optimize the vessel shape in both sections by considering stress level on the shell areas and also consider that the heat loss by conduction & convection from inside the vessel must be minimum. Here we follow the rule made by ASME code for checking pressure vessel & by considering the stress pattern on the shell areas we can determine the optimality of vessel capacity to bear the pressure load. The complete analysis i.e. pressure & thermal test are carried out on FEA based software platform (Solidworks 3D design & Analysis platform).On the basis of observation from analysis, we first tried to compare the validity of shape of shell of pressure vessel. Then we tried to reduce the thickness of shell by applying the same amount of load, so as to obtain an optimal thickness of pressure vessel. Thus observing both the results we have come to a conclusion to decide the most valid shape & thickness of shell required for an optimal pressure vessel. The literature survey indicates that so far many works has been done on different topics & subjects related to pressure vessel optimization by FEA based technique of analysis, but there are very few works done to compare the optimality of shape of pressure vessel shell by FEA analysis. The discussion on the results, conclusion & the scope of further work has also been manifested at the end of the work.
Keywords- Finite Element Analysis (FEA), Vessel of circular as well as rectangular section, Design by analysis, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers ( ASME ).
Unique Identification Number - IJEDR1602380Page Number(s) - 2167-2207Pubished in - Volume 4 | Issue 2 | July 2016DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -    Publisher - IJEDR (ISSN - 2321-9939)
Cite this Article
Prabir Kumar Santra,  Prof. Saurabh Kumar,   "Design and Analysis of Horizontal Steam Pressure Vessel"
, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (IJEDR), ISSN:2321-9939, Volume.4, Issue 2, pp.2167-2207, July 2016, Available at :http://www.ijedr.org/papers/IJEDR1602380.pdf